‘Tis the Symphony

Una celebración de invierno

The Lesher Center for the Arts

1 hora 50 minutos, con intermedio

This performance has already taken place

Lo Interesante De Este Concierto

  • The Snowman es un cortometraje animado sobre un niño y el muñeco de nieve que él construye, y que cobra vida. La audiencia mira en la pantalla grande mientras que la Sinfonía de California y la Academia Pacífica de Boychoir tocan en vivo.
  • Nominado a un Premio de la Academia en 1983, The Snowman perdidó contra  Tango. (No, nunca habíamos oído hablar de él tampoco.)
  • Con una canción para que cante la audiencia y otras favoritas festivas, los conciertos de los días festivos son los más populares del año, perfectos para todas las edades que buscan entrar en el espíritu de la temporada.

El Programa

AndersonA Christmas Festival

Holiday SelectionsFeaturing the Pacific Boychoir Academy

The Pacific Boychoir was formed in 1998 with 6 boys, and it now includes more than 175 singers from ages 4 to 18. The New York Times said the PBA goes “beyond the reach of most youth choirs” and the Los Angeles Times described the PBA quality of sound and musicianship as “astonishing.”

The PBA has appeared frequently with the San Francisco Symphony, performing under the direction of Michael Tilson Thomas, Kurt Masur, Robert Spano, David Robertson, , James Conlon, Charles Dutoit, Herbert Blomstedt, and Vance George, performing works by Beethoven, Britten, Orff, Wagner, Mahler, Liszt, Mendelssohn, and Berlioz. Along with the San Francisco Girls Chorus, the PBA recorded Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 3 with the SFS, which won the Grammy Award for Best Classical Album in 2004. In January 2010, the San Francisco Symphony recording of Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 8, featuring the San Francisco Symphony Chorus, the San Francisco Girls Chorus, and the PBA, was awarded Grammy Awards for Best Choral Performance and Best Classical Album.

The success of the chorus led to the formation in 2004 of the Pacific Boychoir Academy, the only full-time boys' chorus school on the west coast of North America. The choir school integrates a full academic curriculum with daily musical instruction for boys in grades 4-8. The choir school students learn sightreading, music theory and repertoire, as well as Math, English, History, Science, Art, PE, and Languages. The choir school has one of the lowest student:teacher ratios for independent schools in the Bay Area, and is a member of the East Bay Independent Schools Association (EBISA).

The chorus is divided into multiple groups: three training groups, two performing groups, and two groups for older boys whose voices have begun to change. The after school choirs rehearse up to four hours per week, and the day school choristers rehearse up to 15 hours per week.

The PBA has performed at venues such as Davies Symphony Hall, Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, the Shanghai Oriental Arts Center, Basilica San Marco in Venice, Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Teatro Polyteama in Jundiai Brasil, in Prague, Jackson Hall at the Mondavi Center in Davis California, in San Francisco, the Forbidden City Concert Hall in Beijing, Chartres Cathedral, Linder Auditorium in Johannesburg, Sala São Paulo, Teatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro, Zellerbach Hall in Berkeley, Yoshi's (jazz club), on Public Radio International (PRI), on Danish National Radio, at Grace Cathedral, at professional sporting events, and also has several self-produced concerts annually. In 2007, the PBA presented the first performances of (originally written for boys choir) by an American boys choir.

Choirs from the PBA have performed in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Hawaii, Kentucky, Washington, Oregon, Washington DC, Maryland, Florida, Georgia, and Alabama, and have traveled to France, Germany, the Czech Republic, China, Lithuania, Hungary, Latvia, Russia, Estonia, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, South Africa, and Brazil. They have multiple CDs, a live CD, Christmas music by Benjamin Britten, two spirituals CDs, and a recording of two of Bach's "Lutheran Masses". They have sung with the San Francisco Symphony, the Moscow Chamber Orchestra, American Bach Soloists, , , , the orchestras of UC Berkeley and UC Davis, as well as with several top boy's choirs around the world, including the Vienna Boys' Choir and the Drakensberg Boys Choir.

The PBA has also performed with comedian Zach Galifianakis, is the voice of the Yahoo! yodel, has sung for the , performs dozens of free school performances every year, and published quite possibly the first ever choir tour blog, in July 2001

The Founding Music Director is Kevin Fox, who sings with the American Bach Soloists and the Grace Cathedral Choir of Men and Boys.

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TchaikovskySelections from the Nutcracker Suite

Anonymous

Tchaikovsky compiled his Suite from the ballet "The Nutcracker" (Сюита из бадета «Щелкунчик»), Op. 71a (TH 35 ; ČW 32), popularly known as The Nutcracker Suite, in January and February 1892. It was the only one of his three ballet suites to have been compiled an published during the composer's lifetime.

Instrumentation

The Suite is scored for an orchestra consisting of 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets (in A, B-flat), bass clarinet (in B-flat), 2 bassoons + 4 horns (in F), 2 trumpets (in A), 3 trombones, tuba + 3 timpani, tambourine, triangle, cymbals, glockenspiel + celesta (or piano) + harp, violins I, violins II, violas, cellos, and double basses.

Movements and Duration

The Suite consists of eight numbers, grouped in three movements:

  • I. Ouverture miniature. Allegro giusto (B-flat major, 182 bars)
  • II. Danses caractéristiques:
    • (a) Marche. Tempo di marcia viva (G major, 88 bars)
    • (b) Danse de la Fée Dragée. Andante non troppo (E minor, 52 bars)
    • (c) Danse russe. Trépak. Tempo di trépak, molto vivace (G major, 84 bars)
    • (d) Danse arabe. Allegro (G minor, 102 bars)
    • (e) Danse chinoise. Allegro moderato (B-flat major, 32 bars)
    • (f) Danse des mirlitons. Allegro (D major, 77 bars)
  • III. Valse des fleurs. Tempo di valse (D major, 353 bars)

In the ballet these eight numbers correspond to the Overture; March (Act I, No. 2); the Dance of the Sugar-Plum Fairy (Act II, No. 14, 2nd variation) [abridged]; Russian Dance (Trepak) (Act II, No. 12d); Coffee (Arab Dance) (Act II, No. 12b); Tea (Chinese Dance) (Act II, No. 12c); Dance of the Reed Flutes (Act II, No. 12e); and Waltz of the Flowers (Act II, No. 13).

A complete performance of the Suite last around 20 to 25 minutes.

Composition

The Suite from the ballet The Nutcracker was compiled as a substitute for the symphonic ballad The Voyevoda on the programme of a Russian Musical Society concert in Saint Petersburg scheduled for 29 February/12 March 1892, at which Tchaikovsky was due to conduct his own works. Having destroyed the score of the ballad The Voyevoda following its premiere in November 1891, Tchaikovsky suggested replacing a suite of numbers from his new ballet The Nutcracker, which he was preparing to orchestrate [1].

Among the surviving rough sketches of the ballet, and also among notes on the manuscripts and other documents, are a number of variants of titles of the Suite. Originally Tchaikovsky intended to call it 'Suite from the ballet "The Fir Tree" (Сюита из балета «Елка») [2], or Suite from the ballet "The Christmas Tree" (Сюита из балета «Рождественская елка») [3], suggesting that the title of the ballet had not yet been settled upon [4].

The earliest lists of numbers for the Suite also contained Chocolate (Spanish Dance) and Final Waltz. The second movement — Danses caractéristiques — was to be called In the Kingdom of Sweets and Toys (В царстве лакомств и игруншек). The Danse des mirlitons was originally Reed Pipes (Свирелки), and the Danse de la Fée Dragée was to have been The Sweet Fairy (Фея конфект).

Tchaikovsky had begun orchestrating the numbers in the Suite by 28 January/9 February 1892 [5]. By 31 January/12 February 1892 the first number of the Suite was ready [6]. According to the author's note on the manuscript score, the orchestration was completed on 8/20 February, at Maydanovo.

Performances

The Suite was performed a week later than intended, at the ninth symphony concert of the Saint Petersburg branch of the Russian Musical Society on 7/19 March 1892, with Tchaikovsky conducting. The Suite quickly became a popular favourite, and other notable early performances included:

  • Moscow, 1st Electrical Exhibition concert, 4/16 July 1892, conducted by Vojtěch Hlaváč
  • Chicago, Auditorium, 10/22 October 1892, conducted by Theodore Thomas
  • Brussels, 2/14 January 1893, conducted by Tchaikovsky
  • Odessa, 1st RMS symphony concert, 16/28 January 1893, conducted by Tchaikovsky
  • Odessa, Rishelyevskaya School charity concert, 21 January 1893/2 February, conducted by Tchaikovsky (2 unspecified movements only)
  • Odessa, 3rd RMS symphony concert, 24 January/5 February 1893, conducted by Tchaikovsky
  • Moscow, special RMS symphony concert, 14/28 February 1893, conducted by Tchaikovsky
  • Moscow, 1st Imperial Theatres symphony concert, 7/19 March 1893, conducted by Tchaikovsky
  • London, Queen's Hall, 5/17 October 1896, conducted by Henry Wood.

Publication

On 9/21 March the composer wrote to Pyotr Jurgenson: "The suite from the ballet was successful. I don't think it would hurt to print it" [7]. The full score of the suite was issued by Jurgenson in May 1892, and the orchestral parts the following month.

The score of the Suite was not published separately from the ballet in Tchaikovsky's Complete Collected Works.

Autographs

At the request of the Russian Musical Society, Tchaikovsky donated the manuscript full score of the Suite to the library of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, and it carries the inscriptions: "To the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, as a souvenir of the concert on 7 March 1892. P. Tchaikovsky" [8].

For many years the full score was believed to have been lost, until it was discovered by chance by the conductor Yevgeny Zablotsky among some unrelated papers in 1946. It is now preserved in the Klin House-Museum Archive (a1, No. 46), and consists of pages extracted from the full score of the ballet.

Recordings

See: The Nutcracker (suite): Recordings

Related Works

See The Nutcracker.

External Links

Notes and References

  1. See Letter 4604 to Pyotr Jurgenson, 25 January/6 February 1892.
  2. See the sketchbook for the ballet — Klin House-Museum Archive.
  3. See the title page of the manuscript full score of the Suite.
  4. See Letter 4634 to Pyotr Jurgenson, 6/18 March 1892.
  5. See Letter 4606 to Pyotr Jurgenson, 28 January/9 February 1892.
  6. See Letter 4610 to Modest Tchaikovsky, 31 January/12 February 1892.
  7. See Letter 4641 to Pyotr Jurgenson, 9/21 March 1892.
  8. See also Letter 4643 to Pyotr Jurgenson. 14/26 March 1892.

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BlakeThe Snowman (Film viewing with score performed live)

The Snowman is an animated television film based on Raymond Briggs' 1978 picture book The Snowman. It was directed by Dianne Jackson for the British public service Channel 4. It was first shown on 26 December 1982, and was an immediate success. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film and won a BAFTA TV Award.

The story is told through pictures, action and music, scored by Howard Blake, and is wordless, with the exception of the central song "Walking in the Air". The orchestral score was performed in the film by the Sinfonia of London and the song was performed by Peter Auty, a St Paul's Cathedral choirboy.[1]

The special ranks #71 on the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes, a list drawn up by the British Film Institute in 2000, based on a vote by industry professionals.[2] It was voted #4 in UKTV Gold's Greatest TV Christmas Moments. It came third in Channel 4's poll of 100 Greatest Christmas Moments in 2004. Its broadcast, usually on Christmas Eve, has become an annual festive event.[3]

Production

Source book

The Snowman is a wordless children's picture book by English author Raymond Briggs, first published in 1978 by Hamish Hamilton in the United Kingdom, and published by Random House in the United States in November of the same year. In the United Kingdom, it was the runner-up for the Kate Greenaway Medal from the Library Association, recognising the year's best children's book illustration by a British writer.[4] In the United States, it was named to the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award list in 1979.

Adaptation

Iain Harvey, the film's executive producer and publisher at Hamish Hamilton, recalls that the book had initially sold well, but a second print had been less successful with 50,000 unsold copies sitting in a warehouse, which he attributes to the lack of dialogue which prevented it being read as a bedtime story.[5] In 1980 he was contacted by producer John Coates from TVC (Television Cartoons) with an idea of adapting the book for an animated film, for which he gave his consent.[5][6]

In March 1982, Coates presented an "animatic" storyboard version with a basic piano track by Howard Blake, including an early version of "Walking in the Air" to commissioning executives at the fledgeling Channel 4, a new public service television company which was due to begin broadcasting in November 1982.[6] The director Dianne Jackson had worked with Coates on The Beatles' Yellow Submarine and had mainly worked on short animations and commercials; this was her first time directing a longer animated film. As a result, the experienced animator Jimmy T. Murakami was brought in to supervise.[5] The film was produced using traditional animation techniques, consisting of pastels, crayons and other colouring tools drawn on pieces of celluloid, which were traced over hand drawn frames. For continuity purposes, the background artwork was painted using the same tools.[5]

The story was expanded to fill 26 minutes and include a longer flying sequence which takes the boy to the North Pole and a party with Father Christmas which is not present in the picture book. The animators also brought in personal touches - a static sequence with a car is replaced by a motorcycle ride, as one of the animators was a keen motorcyclist and it was noted by Iain Harvey that this sequence kept "the action flowing after all the fun and comedy of the boy and the Snowman exploring the house and forming a friendship – and what could be better than a midnight run in a snowy landscape".[5] Similarly, although the boy in the book is unnamed, in the film he is named "James" on his present tag, added by animator Joanna Harrison as it was her boyfriend's (later her husband) name.[6][7] Interviewed in 2012, Raymond Briggs recalls that he thought "'It's a bit corny and twee, dragging in Christmas', as The Snowman had nothing to do with that, but it worked extremely well."[8]

The boy's home appears to be located in the South Downs of England, near to Brighton; he and Snowman fly over the Royal Pavilion and Palace Pier. Raymond Briggs has lived in Sussex since 1961, and the composer Howard Blake was also a native of the county.[1][9]

Music

The production team contacted Howard Blake early in the production, as they were having difficulties finding the right tone for adapting the wordless picture book. Blake suggested that the whole film should not feature dialogue, but instead a through-composed orchestral soundtrack. He recalls the song "Walking in the Air" was written some years earlier during a difficult period in his life, and the song formed the main theme for the work.[1]

Howard Blake's orchestral score was performed in the film by the Sinfonia of London.[1] The song "Walking in the Air" is sung in the film by chorister Peter Auty,[10] who was not credited in the original version. He was given a credit on the 20th anniversary version.

The song was covered three years later by Welsh chorister Aled Jones in a single which reached #5 in the charts in the United Kingdom. Jones is sometimes incorrectly credited with having sung the song in the film.[11] Blake's soundtrack for The Snowman is often performed as a standalone concert work, often accompanying a projection of the film or sometimes with a narrator (the version for narrator was first performed by Bernard Cribbins in Summer 1983).[12]

Plot

"I remember that winter because it had brought the heaviest snow I had ever seen. Snow had fallen steadily all night long and in the morning I woke in a room filled with light and silence, the whole world seemed to be held in a dream-like stillness. It was a magical day... and it was on that day I made The Snowman." - Raymond Briggs in the original introduction to the film.

After a night of heavy snowfall, a boy named James wakes up and plays in the snow, eventually building a large snowman. At the stroke of midnight, he sneaks downstairs to find the snowman magically comes to life. James shows the snowman around his house, playing with appliances, toys and other bric-a-brac, all while keeping quiet enough not to wake James' parents. The two find a sheeted-down motorcycle in the house's garden and go for a ride on it through the woods. Its engine heat starts to melt the snowman and he cools off in the garage freezer.

Seeing a picture of the arctic on a packet in the freezer, the snowman is agitated and takes the boy in hand, running through the garden until they take flight. They fly over the South Downs towards the coast, seeing the Royal Pavilion and Brighton Palace Pier, and north along the coast of Norway. They continue through an arctic landscape and into the aurora borealis. They land in a snow-covered forest where they join a party of snowmen. They eventually meet Father Christmas along with his reindeer; he gives the boy a card and a scarf with a snowman pattern. The snowman returns home with James before the sun rises.

The following morning, James wakes up to find that the snowman has melted, leaving only his hat, scarf, coal buttons and tangerine in a pile of snow. Reaching into his dressing-gown pocket, James finds the scarf he received from Father Christmas.

Alternative introductions

The original introduction on Channel 4 features the author Raymond Briggs walking through a field in rural Sussex describing his inspiration for the story, which then transitions into the animated landscape of the film. The film's executive producer Iain Harvey had received interest in the film from U.S. networks and for a VHS release. However, he noted that "in the US programmes were sponsored, and to be sponsored you needed a big name". Various names such as Sir Laurence Olivier and Julie Andrews were suggested, but a request for a rock star led to David Bowie being involved. He was a fan of Brigg's story When the Wind Blows and later provided a song for its animated adaptation. In the sequence, Bowie was filmed in the attic of 'his' childhood home and discovering a scarf in a drawer closely resembling the one given to the boy towards the end of the film.[6]

To celebrate the film's 20th anniversary, Channel 4 created an alternate opening directed by Roger Mainwood, with Raymond Briggs' interpretation of Father Christmas recounting how he met the boy.[13] Comedian Mel Smith reprises Father Christmas in this opening. This version is also cropped to fit a 16:9 widescreen format. Channel 4 used this opening from 2002 until Mel Smith's death in 2013, after which they use the Bowie opening, also returning the film to its original 4:3 aspect ratio.

Awards

The film was nominated as Best Short Film, Animated at the 55th Academy Awards in 1983.[14] It won a BAFTA for best Children's Programme (Entertainment/Drama) in 1983 BAFTA Awards 1983, and was also nominated for Best Graphics. It won the Grand Prix at the Tampere Film Festival in 1984.[14]

In the British Film Institute's 100 Greatest British Television Programmes, a list drawn up by the British Film Institute in 2000, based on a vote by industry professionals it was listed as #71.[15] It was voted #4 in UKTV Gold's Greatest TV Christmas Moments. It came third in Channel 4's poll of 100 Greatest Christmas Moments in 2004.

Home media

The Snowman was originally released on VHS in 1982 by Palace Video. It has been re-released various times by Palace and later PolyGram Video, and Universal Studios Home Entertainment UK after Palace went out of business.

The Snowman was re-released in 2008 as a DVD special edition and again as a DVD and Blu-ray 30th anniversary edition in the United Kingdom on 5 November 2012 by Universal Studios Home Entertainment UK. The 2008 special edition peaked at No.3 in the video charts. The 2012 home release includes four extra features: a "Snow Business" documentary, "The Story of The Snowman," storyboard, and the introductions from Bowie and Briggs. The film re-entered at No.14 on the UK Official children’s Video Chart on 11 November 2012, eventually peaking at No.5 on 16 December 2012 based on sales of DVDs and other physical formats.

The Universal DVD The Snowman & Father Christmas (902 030 – 11), released in the United Kingdom in 2000, uses the Bowie opening.[16] The 30th anniversary Blu-ray does not use any of the openings but includes all three openings as a bonus feature.

Spin-offs

The Snowman and the Snowdog

A new 25-minute special titled The Snowman and the Snowdog aired on Channel 4 on Christmas Eve 2012 to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the original short and of Channel 4. Produced at the London-based animation company Lupus Films,[17] with many of the original team returning, the sequel was made in the same traditional techniques as the first film, and features the Snowman, a new young boy named Billy and a snow dog flying over landmarks and going to another party.[18]

The idea of a sequel had been resisted by Raymond Briggs for several years, but he gave his permission for the film in 2012.[19] Howard Blake was one of the few crew members not asked to return; he was allegedly asked to "send a demo", which he refused citing the success of the original score.[20] The film instead features a largely pop-music orientated soundtrack featuring a song called "Light the Night" by former Razorlight drummer Andy Burrows and incidental music by Ilan Eshkeri.[21]

The sequel was dedicated to the memory of producer John Coates,[22] who died in September 2012, during its production.[23]

Stage version

The Snowman has been made into a stage show. It was first produced by Contact Theatre, Manchester in 1986[24] and was adapted and produced by Anthony Clark. It had a full script and used Howard Blake's music and lyrics. In 1993, Birmingham Repertory Company produced a version, with music and lyrics by Howard Blake, scenario by Blake, with Bill Alexander and choreography by Robert North.

Since 1997, Sadler's Wells has presented it every year as the Christmas Show at the Peacock Theatre. As in the book and the film, there are no words, apart from the lyrics of the song "Walking in the Air". The story is told through images and movement.

Special effects include the Snowman and boy flying high over the stage (with assistance of wires and harnesses) and ‘snow’ falling in part of the auditorium. The production has had several revisions – the most extensive happening in 2000, when major changes were made to the second act, introducing new characters: The Ice Princess and Jack Frost.

Video game

Quicksilva published an official video game in 1984, for the ZX Spectrum,[25] Commodore 64, and MSX.

See also

  • Granpa, Dianne Jackson's second animated film for Channel 4, with music by Howard Blake.
  • Father Christmas – Briggs' earlier two works Father Christmas and Father Christmas Goes on Holiday were combined into a film which was released in 1991. It features an altered version of the snowmen's party at the North Pole from this film. The young boy and the snowman from this film are seen in the background during this segment.
  • The Bear – another book by Raymond Briggs which was also adapted into a 26-minute animated version.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "The Snowman". Howard Blake website. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  2. ^ "The BFI TV 100 at the BFI website". Archived from the original on 11 September 2011.
  3. ^ "The Snowman". BFI screenonline. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Kate Greenaway Medal". Curriculum Lab. Elihu Burritt Library. Central Connecticut State University. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e "How The Snowman was built". BFI. 17 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "How The Snowman melted David Bowie's heart". The Guardian. 22 December 2016.
  7. ^ Interview with Hilary Andus and Joanna Harrison in "Snow Business" included on the 2004 20th Anniversary DVD
  8. ^ "Snowman creator Raymond Briggs – grumpy old man or great big softie?". Radio Times. 24 December 2012.
  9. ^ John Walsh (21 December 2012). "Raymond Briggs: Seasonal torment for The Snowman creator". The Independent. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  10. ^ Interviews with Peter Auty, Aled Jones, Raymond Briggs and John Coates on the making of documentary titled "Snow Business" included on the 2004 20th Anniversary DVD
  11. ^ For example: Barclay, Ali (4 December 2000). "The Snowman (1982)". BBC – Films. BBC. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  12. ^ "The Snowman concert version". Howard Blake website. 23 November 2019.
  13. ^ "The Snowman". Toonhound. 23 November 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Awards". Internet Movie Database. 24 November 2019.
  15. ^ "The BFI TV 100 at the BFI website". Archived from the original on 11 September 2011.
  16. ^ (Despite being featured on the packaging. Some of the United States DVDs from Sony Pictures Home Entertainment don't have the David Bowie opening) "Customer Discussions: Review Comment Thread". Amazon.com. November 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  17. ^ "The Snowman and the Snow Dog". Lupus Films. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  18. ^ Singh, Anita. "The Snowman and the Snowdog: a first look". Telegraph Media Group Limited 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  19. ^ "The Snowman and The Snowdog animator revisits classic". BBC News. 24 December 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  20. ^ "Snowman composer told to submit demo tape for sequel". Telegraph. 12 December 2012.
  21. ^ "Andy Burrows Announces Music Soundtrack To Channel 4'S The Snowman And The Snowdog". Contactmusic.com. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  22. ^ Barber, Martin (24 December 2012). "The Snowman and The Snowdog animator revisits classic". BBC News Online. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  23. ^ "Snowman producer John Coates dies". BBC News Online. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  24. ^ "The Snowman @ The Lowry" (no date). News and Reviews. City Life.
  25. ^ "Snowman, The – World of Spectrum". www.worldofspectrum.org.

External links

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VariousAudience Sing-Along

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AndersonSleigh Ride

"Sleigh Ride" is a light orchestra standard composed by Leroy Anderson. The composer had the original idea for the piece during a heat wave in July 1946 and finished the work in February 1948. The original recordings were instrumental versions. The lyrics, about riding in a sleigh and other fun wintertime activities, were written by Mitchell Parish in 1950.[2]

The orchestral version was first recorded in 1949 by Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra.[3] "Sleigh Ride" was a hit record on RCA Victor Red Seal 49-0515 (45 rpm) / 10-1484 (78 rpm), and has become one of the orchestra's signature songs. The 45 rpm version was originally issued on red vinyl. The Pops have also recorded the song with John Williams, their conductor from 1979 to 1995, and Keith Lockhart, their current conductor.

Details

"American Homestead, Winter", lithograph by Currier and Ives, 1867. The song's lyrics refer to a "picture print by Currier and Ives," whose lithographs were popular in the 19th century.
"Sleigh Ride" performed instrumentally by the United States Navy Band in December 2012

Leroy Anderson's own 1950 recording of "Sleigh Ride" on Decca 9-16000 (45 rpm) and 16000 (78 rpm) reached Cashbox magazine's bestsellers chart when re-released in 1952.

The main melody of "Sleigh Ride" was used (with no credit for Anderson) as the main theme of Victor Young's score for the 1949 western Streets of Laredo. Mitchell Parish worked with Young around this time, writing the lyrics for Young's version of Hoagy Carmichael's previously instrumental "Stardust". In 1950, The Andrews Sisters recorded the first vocal version of "Sleigh Ride", using the lyrics written by Parish.

Although "Sleigh Ride" is often associated with Christmas and appears on Christmas compilation albums, its lyrics mention no holiday (apart from certain recordings, such as those by the Carpenters, Walter Schumann and Air Supply, that substitute "Christmas party" for "birthday party" in the song's bridge). The song is noted for the sounds of a horse clip-clopping, and a whip used to get the horse moving. In most performances, a percussionist provides these sounds on temple blocks and a slapstick (or occasionally, drum rim shots), respectively. Toward the end of the piece, a trumpet imitates the sound of a horse whinnying.

According to the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) review of Christmas music, "Sleigh Ride" consistently ranks as one of the top 10 most-performed songs written by ASCAP members.[4] ASCAP named "Sleigh Ride" the most popular piece of Christmas music in the U.S. in 2009–2012, based on performance data from over 2,500 radio stations. Anderson's recording remains the most popular instrumental version, while Johnny Mathis's has become the most popular vocal version.[5]

In his book Leroy Anderson: A Bio-Bibliography [Praeger 2004], Steve Metcalf says "'Sleigh Ride' ... has been performed and recorded by a wider array of musical artists than any other piece in the history of Western music."

"Sleigh Ride" is in seven-part rondo form.[6] The first rondo episode utilizes an unusual, unprepared modulation to the mediant, then the supertonic. The difficulty of singing this[citation needed] has caused several recordings to alter the harmonies or omit this section altogether, as in the Phil Spector / Ronettes version.

The Ronettes version

"Sleigh Ride" was covered by the American girl group the Ronettes. The Phil Spector-produced recording has become the most popular version outside the traditional pop standard genre, charting yearly in Billboard's Top Ten U.S. Holiday 100 and was #26 in 2018 in the Hot 100.[7] It features the well-known "Ring-a-ling-a-ling, ding-dong-ding" background vocals, and the clip-clop and whinny of a horse at its beginning and end.

Charts

Chart (1963–2019) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[8] 29
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[9] 47
Czech Republic (Singles Digitál Top 100)[10] 30
France (SNEP)[11] 175
Germany (Official German Charts)[12] 75
Hungary (Stream Top 40)[13] 17
Ireland (IRMA)[14] 41
Italy (FIMI)[15] 67
Latvia (LAIPA)[16] 21
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[17] 28
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[18] 22
Portugal (AFP)[19] 42
Scotland (Official Charts Company)[20] 65
Slovakia (Singles Digitál Top 100)[21] 23
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[22] 65
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[23] 35
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[24] 34
US Billboard Hot 100[25] 21
US Holiday 100 (Billboard)[26] 10
US Rolling Stone Top 100[27] 10

Certifications and sales

Region Certification Certified units/sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[28] Silver 200,000double-dagger

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Other notable recordings

Classical "Sleigh Ride" pieces

"Die Schlittenfahrt" ("Sleigh Ride") is also the popular name of one of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Three German Dances. It is sometimes mistakenly attributed to Wolfgang's father, Leopold Mozart, whose own Divertimento in F major is popularly known as "Musical Sleigh Ride".

The "Winter Night" segment of Frederick Delius's Three Small Tonepoems is also commonly known as "Sleigh Ride".

The "Troika" movement of Lieutenant Kijé by Sergei Prokofiev is also a musical sleigh ride, referring to a three-horse team drawing a carriage (troika means "group of three"). Christmas carol expert William Studwell wrote that Prokofiev's work was "even better" than "Sleigh Ride", having a more "exhilarating" style and imagery.[32]

"Caribbean Sleigh Ride" is a work for symphony orchestra by Robert Wendel in the style of a fast Latin merengue.

References

  1. ^ Leroy Anderson: A Bio-Bibliograph, Praeger 2004, chapter 2 – Works, pages 25–81.
  2. ^ Christmas in New England, Commonwealth Editions 2006, pages 116-121
  3. ^ Leroy Anderson: A Bio-Bibliography, Praeger 2004, chapter 2 - Works, pages 25-81.
  4. ^ ASCAP Announces Top 25 Holiday Songs – "The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting ...)" Tops List
  5. ^ "ASCAP Members Reign Over Top Ten Most-Played Holiday Songs List". ASCAP.
  6. ^ Wieland, William. "Listen for Form Answer Key". Northern State University. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "The Ronettes Sleigh Ride Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  8. ^ "ARIA Australian Top 50 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. December 30, 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  9. ^ "The Ronettes Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – SINGLES DIGITAL – TOP 100 and insert 201851 into search. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  11. ^ "Top Singles (téléchargement + streaming)". Syndicat National de l'édition Phonographique. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  12. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – The Ronettes – Sleigh Ride". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  13. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Stream Top 40 slágerlista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  14. ^ "Official Irish Singles Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  15. ^ "Top Singoli – Classifica settimanale WK 52" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  16. ^ "Mūzikas patēriņa tops gadu mijā" (in Latvian). LAIPA. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  17. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Ronettes – Sleigh Ride" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  18. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. December 31, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  19. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – The Ronettes – Sleigh Ride". AFP Top 100 Singles. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  20. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  21. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Select SINGLES DIGITAL - TOP 100 and insert 201851 into search. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  22. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – The Ronettes – Sleigh Ride". Singles Top 100. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  23. ^ "Swisscharts.com – The Ronettes – Sleigh Ride". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  24. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  25. ^ "The Ronettes Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  26. ^ "Michael Buble Chart History (Holiday 100)". Billboard. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  27. ^ "Top 100 Songs". Rolling Stone. December 24, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  28. ^ "British single certifications – Ronettes – Sleigh Ride". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved January 15, 2019. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Sleigh Ride in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Sleigh Ride by Leroy Anderson: Complete reference". Leroyanderson.com. Woodbury Music Company LLC 06798. Archived from the original on 6 December 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019. [1.] Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler, 1949, Naxos 8120649 [2.]Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler, 1959, RCA 144665, RCA 61237, RCA 61685 [3.]Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler, 1976, DG 419414 [4.]Boston Pops Orchestra, John Williams, 1992, Sony 48232 [5.]Boston Pops Orchestra, Keith Lockhart, 2004, Boston Pops Recordings 2 [6].Boston Pops Orchestra, Keith Lockhart, 2011, BSO Classics1305
  30. ^ "Sleigh Ride Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler". Prestomusic.com. Presto Classical Limited. Archived from the original on 8 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019. Fiedler and his Boston Pops Orchestra... made several recordings for Polydor / Deutsche Grammophon... [Among them was:] Anderson['s] Sleigh Ride, Recorded: 1970-02 Recording Venue: Symphony Hall, Boston
  31. ^ "Holiday Pops". Prestomusic.com. Presto Classical Limited. Archived from the original on 8 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019. Anderson, Leroy: Sleigh Ride: Keith Lockhart, John Oliver, Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Boston Pops Orchestra... Release Date: 29th Sep 1998.
  32. ^ Studwell, William (1995). The Christmas Carol Reader. Psychology Press. p. 131. ISBN 9781560249740.

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